What is Java Pi | Pi in Java | Math.PI Java Value and Example

Pi (π) is a well-known mathematical constant and its value is 22/7 or 3.14159265359. Programming languages also use this constant for mathematical calculation.

Here we discuss PI with respect to the Java programming language.

In Java PI is defined as a field in java.lang.Math class.

It is defined as

static double PI

and described as

The double value that is closer than any other to pi, the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter.

https://docs.oracle.com/

How to use PI in Java

PI is a static constant in Math class, so to access it we use class name. PI. It can also be accessed using object.

Math.PI

Java Program to calculate Area of Circle using Math.PI

Area of Circle using Math.PI
Fig: Google Result for Area of Circle

Write a Java Program to calculate the Area of Circle

Write a Java program to calculate circumference of a Circle

circumference of a Circle
Fig: circumference of a Circle

How to print PI (π) symbol in Java

How to write pi in java

You can write Pi by using unicode value ‘\u03c0’ or by using string constant “π”.

How to use Math.PI in java

to use Math.pi Just use Math.PI as below

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How to static import math class in Java

Here we will see how can we import math class in Java.

As we already know to import any class from any package we use the following notation

import packagename.classname;

example

import java.util.Scanner;

Here java is package util is subpackage and Scanner is a class.

By importing the Scanner class we can use all its method in our program.

In Java java.lang is the default package so we don’t require to import this package when using classes of this package like System, Object, String classes.

If you will see java.lang package you will find Math is also available in same package.

So it means we don’t have to import Math class to use in our program.

Let see one example of Math class.

Write a program to find the power of a number

Result

Math class definition

In the above program, we can see that we don’t have to import Math class as it is available in java.lang default Java package.

Math class is defined as a final class and it extends Object class.

We can not create a child of the math class as it is final.

Write a program to find the power of a number

Math class definition in oracle doc

Result

You can find the detail of the class in the oracle doc

Math class Method Call

All methods are static in Math class so to access methods we used classname.methodname notation.

As above to call power method Math.pow(a,b) used.

similar for other methods we can call with Math class.

So without importing Math class we solved our problem.

So post title is clickbait?

No No Wait

In Java, there is a concept of static import Let’s discuss it with the Math class.

Math class in Java using static import

In order to access the static members of class, we can use static import.

import static java.lang.Math.PI;

or

import static java.lang.Math.*;

Once a static member is imported that can be used without using class name or object.

like

System.out.println("Value of PI "+PI);

it will show value of PI.

Lets again run our power program with static import;

Result

In this program, we included static import, and at the function call we not used class name or access specifier

Java Static Import with System class

The most common statement in java is System.out.println().

You can see out is a static member so by using static import we can reduce this statement to out.println().

It will produce the same result as the above program

When to use static import

When you require to access static member frequently then use static import.

Limits of static import

It will be better to have 1-2 static import in program. More static import leads to unreadable and unmaintainable program code

What is the full form of SC ST OBC UR and EWS?

Many times we heard these terms so here we will know full form of SC ST OBC UR and EWS.

This post is only for information purpose  

The caste system is a method of categorising people into professions or races.

The practise of branding people into a specific caste based on their birth into a specific family.

The caste system in India is rigid. This means that no one can advance or descend the caste hierarchy.

In the caste system, there is an arrangement that gives pride and honour to one caste while sanctioning and disabling other caste groups.

The caste system has a significant impact on the social-political-educational, and economic spheres of an individual’s life.

They have political clout as a result of their upper caste status, which facilitates their economic activities (trading).

They are successful in life. Upper caste people have a high social status and are well-respected.

They consider themselves to be the most educated and highly qualified people in society.

They have the social standing to hold positions such as Temple priest, high post, and so on.

Lower caste people, on the other hand, are treated unequally in comparison to upper caste people.

Because of social discrimination, this group of people is looked down upon and forced to work in menial jobs such as hard manual labour.

Between lower and upper castes, no social relationship, such as marriage, is encouraged or socially permitted.

The upper caste believes in the concepts of purity and pollution.

Lower caste people had to walk 64 feet or 32 feet to reach the upper caste people in ancient times.

If the shadow of a lower caste person fell on an upper caste person, the upper caste person was thought to have been polluted by the lower caste people.

This would be followed by harsh and stringent penalties for polluting.

 Following India’s independence, and with the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1955, such social practises were declared illegal and those who engaged in them were punished.

Also, through reservation, people who faced social discrimination based on caste were given the opportunity and encouraged to compete with the rest of the population.

What is the full form of SC ST OBC UR and EWS?

 The full forms of SC, ST, and OBC are as follows:

SC stands for Scheduled Castes

Schedule Castes are essentially the lowest strata of Hindu society.

These classes are primarily designed to highlight the disadvantages of specific castes and tribes, as well as the underprivileged section of society.

They have significant reservation advantages in government jobs, higher education, and the legislature.

Scheduled castes are sub-communities within the Hindu caste system that have historically faced deprivation, oppression, and extreme social isolation in India due to their perceived low status.

According to The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950, only marginalised Hindu communities can be classified as Scheduled Castes in India.

ST stands for Scheduled Tribes

Article 16(4) of the Constitution allows for the provision of reservations to citizens from the Backward Class who are not adequately represented in the state.

The tribe that primarily belongs to the lower classes or has been expelled from the city.

This ST tag is used to provide them with a share of every place, whether in education or in employment.

ST people have many advantages in every government job, school, college, and entrance exam.

OBC stands for Other Backward Classes

OBCs are considered a socially and educationally backward class. As a result, the government has made reservations in public sector jobs and higher education for their advancement.

The Indian government uses the term “Other Backward Class” to classify castes that are socially and educationally disadvantaged.

It is one of India’s many official population classifications, along with Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.

According to the Mandal Commission report of 1980, the Other Backward class comprised 52 percent of India’s population.

According to the National Sample Survey Organisation, the figure had dropped to 41% by 2006.

There are plans to create sub-categories within Other Backward Class to ensure that government profit reaches the deserving class.

UR stands for Unreserved category

Forward caste is a term used to describe a caste system whose representatives are socially and economically ahead of the rest of India on average.

Such seats are available, and anyone, regardless of category, can compete on merit.

The normal range is unreserved. Those who do not receive a reservation must outperform OBC/ST/SC candidates in the competition.

EWS stands Economically Weaker Sections

The term EWS refers to some households or individuals whose earnings fall below a certain threshold.

Although other financial considerations may influence a citizen’s or household’s economic insecurity, income is the most important criterion.

In the context of public policy, the term must be interpreted in the sense that the Preamble to India’s Constitution demands economic, political, and social justice.

The GOI has passed several laws for abolishing untouchability and has implemented various reforms to improve the quality of life for the poorer sections of our society.

Among them are the following:

Fundamental human rights are guaranteed by the constitution.

In 1950, the term “untouchability” was abolished.

Reservations in places such as educational institutions, employment opportunities, and so on.

Creating social welfare departments and national commissions to look after the interests of scheduled castes and tribes.

The government’s measures have provided some relief to the weaker sections of society.

The urban areas have had a significant impact and have shown some improvement.

People in rural areas and villages, on the other hand, continue to face severe discrimination.

We still have a long way to go in terms of eradicating and abolishing discrimination based on caste and creed.

It now depends on our efforts, and a shift in our mindset will almost certainly result in a permanent shift, bringing equality to all.

Dr. BR Ambedkar, the brains behind the Indian Constitution, recognised the need to actively empower these communities, socially, economically, and financially, and to provide them with equal opportunities to participate in the country’s governance and functioning, as well as to uplift and promote their growth.

With this in mind, provisions in the Constitution were included to protect the rights of these marginalised communities.

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ATM full form (Automatic Trailer Machine)

The ATM full form is an Automatic Trailer machine. This is a very commonly used and widely accepted term.

The field of Science, chemistry, and the field of computer networking ATM has different full forms we have discussed later in this article.

History of ATM

On September 2, 1969. the first automatic teller machine (ATM) in the United States is operational, dispensing cash to customers at Chemical Bank in Rockville Center, New York.

ATMs went on to disrupt the banking industry by eliminating the requirement for fundamental financial transactions to be conducted at a bank.

By the 1980s, these money machines had become extremely popular, performing many of the activities traditionally performed by human tellers, including check deposits and account transfers.

ATMs are now as necessary to most people as cell phones and e-mail.

Several innovators worked on early prototypes of a cash-dispensing machine, but Don Wetzel, an executive at Docutel, a Dallas business that produced automated baggage-handling technology, is widely credited with developing the modern ATM concept.

Wetzel reportedly came up with the idea while waiting in line at a bank. The first ATM in New York was only capable of dispensing cash, but in 1971, an ATM capable of performing various duties, including providing clients’ account balances, was introduced.

ATMs ultimately spread beyond the bounds of banks and can now be seen in a variety of locations ranging from gas stations to convenience stores to cruise liners.

Different types of  ATM

  1. Onsite ATMs are either located within the bank premises or in close proximity to the branch.
  2. Offsite ATMs are those that are not located within the branch premises but are instead found in locations such as shopping malls, airports, train stations, and gas stations.
  3. Worksite ATM-An ATM that is positioned within an organization’s grounds and is normally intended just for the organization’s employees.
  4. Cash Dispenser-Allows just cash withdrawals, balance inquiries, and mini statement requests, cash dispensers (CD) are commonly used as ATMs, however customers cannot deposit cash or cheques in a CD, whereas ATMs can be used for both cash withdrawals and depositing cash or cheques.
  5. The term “mobile ATM” refers to an ATM that travels to different locations to serve consumers. A few private banks have launched ATMs on wheels.

Parts of ATM

  1. Card reader – A card reader is a device that reads the account information encoded on the magnetic stripe on the back of an ATM/debit/credit card.
  2. Keypad – The keypad allows the cardholder to notify the bank what type of transaction (cash withdrawal, balance enquiry, etc.) and for how much money is needed. In addition, for verification, the bank requires the cardholder’s personal identification number (PIN). The PIN block must be delivered to the host processor in encrypted form, according to federal legislation.
  3. When a key is pressed, the speaker gives audible input to the cardholder.
  4. The display screen guides the cardholder through each step of the transaction procedure. A monochrome or colour CRT (cathode ray tube) monitor is often used in leased-line equipment. A monochrome or colour LCD is often used in dial-up devices.
  5. Receipt printer – The receipt printer prints a paper receipt of the transaction for the cardholder.
  6. The safe and cash-dispensing mechanisms are at the heart of an ATM. The entire bottom portion of the majority of compact ATMs is a safe that holds the cash.

Working of ATM Machine

  1. In the same way that a branch teller offers you the payment you request in the form of a cheque or a withdrawal form, an atm delivers you payment in the form of an atm card.
  2. The back of an ATM card features a black magnetic strip that stores the card’s information. The front-side card number (16 digits) is connected to your account. As a result, the account is linked to the ATM card.
  3. The ATM card has an ATM pin that may be changed at any moment, and the ATM has a computer in it that records the card’s details and activity.
  4. Internal atm operation facts are strictly confidential and cannot be shared.

How to use ATM

  1. To begin, you must have an account that permits you to withdraw money from a machine. Then you’ll need a card that’s been linked to that account and activated. Select a PIN (personal identity number).
  2. Then proceed to an ATM. Make sure no one can see your money on the ATM’s buttons. Insert your credit card into the slot. Then, as directed, select your account, enter your PIN, choose the amount of money you want, and decide whether you want a receipt/account balance. Wait for your card to appear and remember to collect your money and receipt.
  3. Finally, make certain that no one can see you tap your PIN.

What is ATM Card

An ATM card is a bank card that is used to gain access to an ATM. Almost everyone who has a checking account has a card that may be used at an ATM, such as a debit or credit card.

Some banks, on the other hand, issue ATM-only cards that cannot be used to make transactions.

Assume you have a bank account with a certain amount of money in it.

If you wish to withdraw money from your account, you must go to the bank and write a check.

To make this process easier, banks have developed a debit card. This card will be one-of-a-kind and connected to your bank account.

So, if you want to take money out of your account, simply use this card at an ATM to acquire cash.

This card can also be used at many retail locations where a swipe machine (PoS) is available.

A debit card is a payment card that takes money directly from a customer’s checking account to cover a purchase.

To make transactions, debit cards eliminate the need to carry cash or physical cheques.

Furthermore, when issued by major payment processors like Visa or MasterCard, debit cards, often known as check cards, provide the convenience of a credit card and many of the same consumer safeguards.

They do not allow the user to fall into debt, with the exception of modest negative balances that may occur if the account holder has signed up for overdraft protection.

Debit cards, on the other hand, frequently have daily purchase limits, so it’s unlikely that you’ll be able to make a particularly significant purchase with one.

What is CVV number in ATM card

A CVV number is a characteristic of credit, debit, and automated teller machine (ATM) cards that is used to verify the owner’s identification and reduce the risk of fraud.

CVV is an abbreviation for Card Verification Value. This number is necessary to conduct online purchases in order to authenticate that the user is in possession of the card, although it does not always imply that the user is the owner.

The only genuinely efficient approach to prevent theft of funds from an account to which the card is linked is for the owner to have the card in their possession at all times and never, ever give any of the information on the card to another party.

Benefits of using an ATM Card

  1. It is simple to obtain. When you open an account, most financial institutions will provide you a debit card if you request one.
  2. Convenience. Rather than filling out a paper check, purchases can be made using a chip-enabled terminal or by swiping the card.
  3. Safety- You are not required to carry cash or a chequebook.
  4. Accepted without hesitation. When travelling out of town (or out of the nation), debit cards are usually commonly accepted (be sure to notify your banking institution that you are leaving your city to avoid service interruptions).

How to keep your ATM card safe

When using an ATM card, keep your PIN SECRET!

  1. Change it on a regular basis.
  2. To keep your PIN secret, cover the keyboard with your hand when entering it into a POS or ATM.
  3. Check your savings/checking account balance on a frequent basis.
  4. Do not allow others to use your debit card.

How to take money from atm ?

ATMs connect your debit card to your checking account, giving you complete access to your funds.

To withdraw funds, simply follow these simple steps:

  1. Insert your card or scan a virtual one, then choose a language.
  2. Enter your card’s 4-digit PIN. It should be accepted, and you will be directed to the next screen;
  3. Select Withdrawal and input the required amount (you can also check your balance here before withdrawing money).
  4. Gather your cash and receipt (if you need one). Don’t forget to bring your ID.

You can withdraw cash from any ATM, regardless of whether you bank with the provider or not.

Withdrawing money from your bank’s ATMs is usually the cheapest option.

The majority of ATM suppliers impose fees (some will even charge you for checking your balance).

Keep this in mind so you can estimate the amount you will receive a following withdrawal.

Some ATMs allow you to deposit cash into your account, however, this varies by nation.

How to transfer money from ATM ?

  1. Visit any of the ATM Centers in your area.
  2. You can transfer to another account if you have an Debit card.
  3. Swipe the card in the ATM and choose a language.
  4. Enter the Pin and then press the next button.

Then you have the option of:

  1. Statement in Brief
  1. Registration via mobile device
  2. Banking
  3. Inquiry into Balance
  4. Fixed Deposit and Transfer
  5. Click on the transfer option, then select the card-to-card fund transfer, enter the card number again, and click yes.
  6. Enter the amount to be transferred.
  7. Once you enter the amount, confirm it, and select current or savings account, the transfer from ATM is complete.
  8. The transaction takes 24 hours to complete.

How to generate new ATM pin ?

  1. When ATM card pins used to arrive by mail, it was a thing of the past. However, some banks continue to employ this method, but the procedure has grown much faster in recent years by utilising various methods to generate your pin for your cards:
  2. The next alternative is to generate your pin using your net banking by visiting to the account service menu, picking the generate pin option, and verifying the same by submitting your otp. In some circumstances, it may also ask for your ATM grid confirmation.
  3. The sms technique, which is rarely used, requires you to send a message to a specific defined number many times toll free and select your options accordingly, which is different or various banks.
  4. The final and least secure approach is to phone customer service or any other stated number and provide your card and other credentials for the same, as well as validate your date of birth or something.

Advantages of ATM

In today’s digital world, an ATM is a need, not a luxury. The following are the primary advantages of using an ATM:

  1. Cash deposits and withdrawals are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  2. Transferring funds to another party is possible without going via a branch.
  3. You can make online purchases from the comfort of your own home.
  4. You can purchase rail, air, and bus tickets.

Which Indian bank was the first to install an ATM in India?

Diebold ATMs were used in the installation.

HSBC (Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation) was the first bank in India to offer the ATM idea in 1987.

In India, the majority of banks now have ATMs.

In 1967, John Shepherd-Barron, an inventor, erected the world’s first mechanical cash dispenser at a Barclays Bank branch near London.

De La Rue Instruments manufactured the machine, which utilized paper vouchers that had to be acquired in advance from tellers.

Interesting facts about ATM

1 Pin code (four-digit)

There’s a fascinating explanation for this. The following is a summary of the plot. In the 1960s, Shepherd-Barron, the ATM’s inventor, came up with a six-figure figure.

He did, however, discuss with his wife Caroline.

His wife, on the other hand, could only recall four digits, therefore it became the most often used length in many areas.

Banks in Switzerland and many other countries, on the other hand, demand a six-digit Pin.

2 ATMs with gold vending machines

ATMs not only disburse cash, but also gold.

The ATM gives out gold bars. A Gulf hotel has attempted to capitalize on the current gold craze by installing an automated teller machine (ATM) that dispenses bullion bars.

The machine’s exterior is coated with a thin layer of gold, and it offers customers 320 options, ranging from gold bars weighing up to 10 grams to customized gold coins.

3 ATM that floats

Kerala’s Kochi district is home to India’s first ‘floating’ ATM.

The State Bank of India has put an ATM in a Kerala Shipping and Inland Navigation Corporation-owned jhankar (ferry) (KSINC).

Between Ernakulam and Vypeen, Asia’s most densely populated area, the jhankar would run.

4 What if the entire ATM machine is stolen?

Some people don’t just want to take money from the ATM; they want to steal the entire ATM machine.

In that circumstance, the robber will be limited in his movement. It’s because the ATM has a chip and is also equipped with GPS.

If you can find the robbed ATM at all, that is.

5 Which day of the week has the highest number of cash withdrawals?

No, the busiest days for cash withdrawal are not Saturday or Sunday. The majority of people withdraw money from ATMs on Friday.

Anyone up for a weekend get-together?

6 Without a bank account, you can use an ATM

Yes! This is also a possibility. In India, however, this is not the case.

In Romania, you can make ATM transactions without having a bank account.

7 Biometric Pin/Password

The security of the ATM’s password is one of its most significant features. Biometric ATMs for secure banking transactions are one of these characteristics in Brazil.

8 At the highest point, there is an ATM

Nathu-La is home to the world’s tallest ATM counter. Union Bank of India runs it, and it’s located at 14,300 feet in Kupup.

The ATM, which is primarily intended for army soldiers stationed along the Sino-India border, also serves tourists.

9 The loneliest ATM in the world

In Antartica, you’ll find the world’s loneliest ATM. In the US research centre McMurdo Station, there are really two ATMs.

However, one serves as a backup, and only one ATM is operational at any given time.

What is ATM in Science?

The atm (short for atmosphere) is a pressure unit. In the internationally accepted standard atmospheric model, it is equivalent to the pressure at sea level.

If the air pressure is 1 atm, it signifies that it is the same as the standard pressure at sea level that we have agreed to use.

Because the real pressure in the air varies, the pressure is rarely exactly equal to 1 atm.

In terms of chemistry, what is the complete form of ATM?

The term “atm” in chemistry refers to atmospheric pressure.

It is the pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere, which has a mean value of 101,325 pascals at sea level (roughly 14.6959 pounds per square inch).

What is ATM in networking?

Another, and arguably more essential, connection-oriented network is Asynchronous Transfer Mode.

ATM was created in the early 1990s and debuted to enormous fanfare.

By combining Voice, Data, Cable TV, Telex, Telegraph, Carrier Pigeon, Tin Cans Connected by Strings, and everything else into a single integrated system that could do everything for everyone, ATM was supposed to solve the world’s networking problems.

It didn’t work. ATM was far more successful than OSI, and it is now used extensively within the telephone system, frequently for transporting IP packets.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1 What is milk ATM?

Customers should shop in busy shopping districts with retail establishments so that they may simply include milk in their shopping list while looking for other Milk ATM Machine Suppliers.

A business deal with supermarket owners to install these devices in their stores can result in positive sales outcomes, some of which can be shared with supermarket owners in a format that is mutually agreed upon.

If the infrastructure sharing plan with large retail outlets such as supermarkets is not feasible, stand-alone businesses that are adequately illuminated, well ventilated, and have consistent water and electric power supply can establish independence in the business.

The milk dispenser, often known as a Milk ATM Machine, is the most important machine for this business.

They are available in a variety of sizes and designs, including 150, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 200, and even 1,000 liters. They may dispense any denomination of milk in 100ml units and are chilled to preserve milk.

2 How does milk ATM work?

This type of company necessitates a location with a daily active milk market.

Most people who buy milk also need other products like bread, eggs, sugar, and so on, thus your milk vending machines should be located in or near a shopping centre in a busy shopping area.

A supermarket, for example, would be an excellent location. Approaching a supermarket or a micro mart with this suggestion would be a fantastic move for you as an entrepreneur because they are areas where a large number of people buy.

Make a revenue-sharing agreement with your partner.

If this proves difficult, you can always rent your own shop in the area or in any other area with foot traffic.

You are open for business as long as the room is orderly and clean, with appropriate ventilation and lighting, as well as clean running water.

3 What is water ATM?

A Water Vending Machine is a coin-operated water RO (reverse osmosis) machine that may be deployed in any public or private location to provide healthy water at the most reasonable costs and with the most ease.

Providing clean, cool drinking water at a reasonable cost throughout the day is a wonderful idea for all public areas. It reduces the cost of Bottles, Botteling, Transportation and logistics, Storage.

3 What is fruit ATM?

The Smart Fresh Juice Vending Machine is a revolutionary concept for selling fresh juice to customers with little or no overhead.

This is sanitary equipment for serving freshly squeezed juice to your customers.

After each procedure, the machine cleans the system automatically to ensure that the juice for each vending is of high quality.

1 billion in rupees: Billion to Lakhs Crores Million

If we talk about the Indian currency i.e. Rupees, then 1 billion is equal to 10000 lacs.

1 billion is equal to 10000000000 which is a natural number.

The number 1000000001 comes after 1 billion and the number 999999999 comes before it.

To describe in quantities in Math, the concept of place value is used. Primarily, there are two methods that are used extensively for interpreting the place value of the digits in a particular number.

These two methods are the international number system and the Indian number system.

The positional value of a number is determined by using the place value charts.

Numbers in the general form can be extended with the support of positions.

We start ordering the place value from the right direction to the left direction.

The value of place progresses to tens, hundreds, thousands, and many more starting with the unit location i.e. one’s place.

Continue reading to find out the value of 1 billion dollars in rupees in words and the value of 1 billion in rupees of the Indian number system of place value.

We will also describe to you the position value charge for both the international number system and the Indian number system.

Read More

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The Place Value Charts for the Indian Number System

The position value sequence in the Indian number system is as follows

  1. Ones – 1
  2. Tens – 10
  3. Hundreds – 100
  4. Thousands – 1000
  5. Ten Thousands – 10000
  6. One Lakh – 100000
  7. Ten Lakhs – 1000000
  8. One Crores – 10000000
  9. Ten Crores – 100000000

The Indian number system is also known as the Hindu-Arabic number system.

You can also use a comma between the zeroes to differentiate between the intervals of this numbering scheme.

Here is a basic rule that you need to follow if you wish to use commas between zeros in the Indian number system – The 1st comma will come after three digits from the right and followed by two digits, then followed by two digits, and after that followed by every two digits.

International Number System’s Place Value Chart

The position value sequence of the digits in the International number system is as follows –

  1. Ones – 1
  2. Tens – 10
  3. Hundreds – 100
  4. Thousands – 1000
  5. Ten Thousands – 10000
  6. Hundred Thousands – 100000
  7. One Million – 1000000
  8. Ten Million  – 10000000
  9. Hundred Million  – 100000000
  10. One Billion – 1000000000
  11. Ten Billion  – 10000000000
  12. Hundred Billion  – 100000000000

What essentially means converting billions to rupees?

The place value of digits is referred to in several ways in the international number system and Indian number system.

The digits in the Indian system have place values such as ones, 10s, hundreds, 1000s, 10000s, lacs, 10 lacs, crores, 10 crores, and the sequence goes on in the following manner.

On the other hand, the digits have position values such as ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, ten thousands, hundred thousands, 1 million, 10 million, 100 million, 1 billion, 10 billion,  100 billion, and the sequence goes on in the same manner in the International Number System.

Here’s a quickie – One billion is equal to one hundred crores in the Indian National Rupees. 

1000000000 Indian Rupees = 1 Billion

It is also equivalent to ten thousand lakhs (or 10000 lakhs) as one lakh holds the value of 100000 Indian Rupees.

Therefore, one billion is equal to one hundred crores (or 100 crores).

How can you use the calculator for the conversion of billion to rupees?

A person can use the following rules for the conversion of billion to rupees –

  1. First of all, you are required to type the desired number of billions in the given input space.
  2. Tap on the ‘Convert’ button to get the conversion value.
  3. The conversion value from billions to rupees will be shown in the output region.

The above-mentioned 3 simple steps are the key for converting your desired billion number value to Indian National Rupees in a matter of few seconds.

Conversion From Billion to Lakhs

If you wish to convert billions to lakhs, then you should multiply the given billion value by 10000 lacs to get the result.

For example, if you want to convert 7 billion to lacs, then you should multiply 7 by 10000 lakhs.

10,000 lacs × 7 is equal to 7 billion.

7 billion = 70,000 lacs.

Therefore, as you can see, 70000 lacs is equal to 7 billion.

If we consider one Dollar is equal to 75 Indian Rupees, then 1 billion dollars in Indian National Rupee is equal to 75000000000.

Conversion From Billion to Crores

If you wish to convert the given billion value to crores in the Indian number system, then you should multiply the given billion value by 100 crores.

For example, you wish to convert 9 billion to crores in the Indian number system, then you should multiply 9 by 100 crores to get the desired result.

If we put it in another way, then you can also think that 9 × 100 crores is equal to 9 billion.

9 billion dollar = 900 crores.

Therefore, 9 billion is equal to nine hundred crores in words.

Likewise, you can convert any given billion value to values in the Indian number system such as crores, lacs, and many more.

How many Zeros in a Billion?

There are a total of 9 zeroes present in 1 billion value.

1 billion is equal to 1000000000.

How many Millions is a Billion?

For all of you who don’t know, 1 million is equal to 1000000.

That is, we can also say that 1000 thousand is equal to 1 million.

1000000000 is equal to 1000 million is equal to 1 billion.

So, the value of 1 billion is equal to 1000 million.

1 billion means

1 billion value can be represented by the letters bn and b. 1 billion is equal to 10000 lacs in the Indian number system.

Therefore, in terms of crores, 1 billion is equal to 100 crores that is 1 billion is equal to 1000000000.

1 billion rupees

Now, first of all, let’s consider that the value of $1 is 75 Indian rupees.

Also, you know that the value of 1 billion is 1000000000 Indian Rupees. Therefore the value of 1 billion dollars in Indian rupees will be 75 × 10000000000 = 75000000000 Indian rupees.

1billion in lakhs

On the basis of the position value chart, the international number system uses billions. Now we are going to find the equivalent of 1 billion in the Indian number system –

1 billion in Indian Rupees is equal to 100000000 Indian rupees.

It can also be represented as –

1 billion is equal to 10000 lacs as all of us know that one lakh is equal to 100000.

Therefore, 10000 lakh Indian Rupees is equal to 1 billion in lacs. We can also say that 1 billion lacs is equal to 10 million lacs.

If you wish to convert 1 billion into crores, then we should bring this to your notice that 1 billion is equal to 100 crores.

This is because one crore is equal to 10000000.

10 billion dollars in rupees

As we have discussed 1 billion, now we will convert the given billion-dollar values in Indian national rupees.

For instance, we have taken the value to be 10 billion dollars.

So, let’s start with the basics first here in this segment. All of us know that the value of 1 billion till now.

It is equal to 1000000000 Indian national rupees, which is also a natural number.

The dollar conversion rate at the moment is around 74.42 Indian national rupee.

But for ease of understanding and calculation, we have taken the value to be 75 Indian National rupees.

So, for this segment and for all over this article, the value of 1 dollar is equal to 75 Indian national rupees as a matter of approximation.

Now, before proceeding to the value of 10 billion dollars in rupees, let’s first calculate the value of 10 billion in rupees.

Have a look at the simple formula written beneath –

10 billion is equal to 10 × 1 billion.

i.e. 10 billion = 10 × 1000000000 = 10000000000 Indian National Rupees.

Since we have got the value of 10  billion, now let’s move on to our next step and calculate the value of 10 billion dollars.

10 billion dollars can be easily calculated by multiplying 10 billion by the value of 1 dollar conversion and exchange rate.

10 billion dollars = 10 billion × 1 Dollar

10 billion dollars = 10000000000 × 75

10 billion dollars = 750000000000 Indian national rupees.

The above-mentioned number is the representation of 10 billion dollars in Indian national rupees in numbers. It is also equal to 75  lac crores Indian rupees.

If we talk about the representation of 10 billion dollars in words, then 10 billion dollars can be written as seventy-five lac crores Indian National rupees.

1 billion is equal to how many crores?

A very frequent and common question related to 1 billion is that how much worth is one billion in crores?

So, in this segment, we are going to answer this very interesting and commonly asked question.

1 billion = 1000000000 Indian national rupees.

Now, if we calculate the total number of crores in the above-mentioned figure then the answer comes as 100 crores as 1 crore is equal to 10000000 Indian National Rupees.

In words, one billion can be written or represented as hundred crores.

Further, if one wants to convert one billion or hundred crores to lacs, the required answer will be ten thousand lacs.

1 billion = 10,000 lacs = 100 crores.

One billion is equivalent to how many million?

As established in the previous segment,

10,000 lacs = 100 crores = 1 billion

Now, to convert one billion into millions or to answer the above question, one first needs to understand the concept of one million.

One million is a term used in the international number system. It is equivalent to ten lakhs in the Indian number system.

Therefore,

1 million = 10 Lakhs Indian National Rupees

From the previous segment,

1 billion = Ten thousand lacs or 10000 lakhs.

Dividing the second billion equation by the first million equation, we get

1 billion = 1000 lacs Indian rupees.

In words, it can be written or represented as thousand lacs Indian National Rupees.

1.1 billion in crores

So, amid converting all the integer value billions to lacs, crores and other place value in the Indian number system, now we will be trying and converting a decimal billion value to crores in the Indian number system.

For this example, we will be taking our value as 1.1 billion.

So, the only thing that you need to understand before proceeding on and solving this question is that you should know the value of 1 billion in number and its equivalent value in the Indian number system.

As we have done numerous examples and questions on this topic till now, we hope that you are aware of the answers to both the above questions.

The answer to the 1st question here is that the value of 1 billion is 1,000,000,000 Indian national rupees in numbers.

If we translate that to crores or lakhs, we get our second answer. It is equivalent to 100 crores (or a hundred crores) Indian rupees in the Indian number system.

So, keeping the above 2 points as notes, let’s start deducing the value of 1.1 billion in Indian National Rupees. 

The value of 1.1 billion can be deduced by multiplying 1.1 by 1 billion.

Therefore,

  1. × 1000000000 (One Billion) = 1.1 Billion

1100000000 = 1.1 Billion

Therefore, 1100000000 Indian rupees is the value of 1.1 billion.

This translates to 110 crores (one hundred and ten crores in words) or 11000 lacs (eleven thousand lakhs Indian rupees).

3 billion in rupees

So, now let’s discuss about 3 billion and convert it into Indian national rupees.

1 Dollar is equal to 75 rupees (Assumption taken for this article).

1 billion is equal to 1000000000 Indian rupees in numbers.

So, calculating 3 billion rupees becomes easy now as you just have to multiply 1 billion by 3.

Therefore, 3 billion = 3 × 1000000000 Indian rupees = 3000000000 Indian rupees.

If we talk about this number, then it is followed by 3000000001 and preceded by 2999999999. All of these are pure, natural numbers.

It can be also written or represented as 300 crores or 30000 lacs.

In words, it can be written as three hundred crores Indian rupees or thirty thousand lacs Indian rupees.

2 billion means

All of us know that 1 billion is equal to 10000000000 which is a natural number.

If we wish to calculate 2 billion by the same order and formula, then 2 billion will be equal to 2 X 1000000000 is equal to2000000000 Indian National Rupees.

Therefore, 2 Billion means 2000000000 Indian rupees which is a natural number.

The natural number 1999999999 comes before 2 billion and the natural number 2000000001 comes after 2 billion.

In numbers, it is written or can be represented as 2 hundred crores or 20000 lacs.

In words, 2 billion is equal to two hundred crores or twenty thousand lacs.

4 billion in rupees

Assumption – $1 is equal to 75 Indian rupees.

1 billion = 1000000000 Indian rupees.

4 billion = 4 × 1 billion (1000000000 Indian rupees) = 4000000000 Indian rupees.

4 billion can also be written or represented as 400 crores or 40000 lacs.

In words, four billion is equal to four hundred crores Indian rupees or forty thousand lacs Indian rupees.

5 billion in crores

Now, as you know till now that we have considered the value of $1 as 75 Indian rupees. Also, you know that the value of 1 billion is 1000000000 Indian Rupees. So, the value of 5 billion is 5000000000 Indian rupees.

Therefore, the value of 5 billion in Indian rupees is 500 crores (in crores) or 50,000 lacs.

In words, the value can be written or represented as five hundred crores Indian rupees or fifty thousand lacs Indian rupees.

5 billion dollars in rupees in words

All of us are now aware that 1 billion rupees are equal to 100000000 Indian rupees.

Also, we hope that till now you are aware that we have considered the value of one dollar is equal to 75 Indian rupees.

Therefore the value of 5 billion is equal to 5 x 100000000 and it will be equal to 500000000 Indian rupees.

Therefore, the value of 5 billion dollars in Indian rupees is equal to 50000000 X 75 = 375000000000 Indian rupees.

In words, it can be written as three lakh seventy-five thousand crores Indian rupees.

7 billion in rupees

Coming to 7 billion in Indian rupees, we will go by the same logic that we have followed in the last few conversions of billions into the Indian national rupee.

First of all, as we have considered in the last few conversions, the value of $1 that we will be taking will be 75 Indian National Rupees.

I hope that till now all of you know that 1 billion is equal to 1000000000 Indian National Rupees.

Thus, the value of 7 billion in the Indian number system will be equal to 7 x 1000000000 Indian National Rupees. This amount is equal to 7000000000 Indian national rupees.

If we wish to represent 7 billion in rupees, then it will be equal to 700 crores or 70000 lacs Indian rupees.

In words, it can be written as seven hundred crores or seventy thousand lacs Indian rupees.

8 billion in rupees

Coming to 8 billion in Indian rupees, we will go by the same logic that we have followed in the last few conversions of billions into the Indian national rupee.

First of all, as we have considered in the last few conversions, the value of $1 that we will be taking will be 75 Indian National Rupees.

I hope that till now all of you know that1 billion is equal to 1000000000 Indian National Rupees.

Thus, the value of 8 billion in the Indian number system will be equal to 8 x 1000000000 Indian National Rupees. This amount is equal to 8000000000 Indian national rupees.

If we wish to represent 8 billion in rupees, then it will be equal to 800 crores or 80000 lacs Indian rupees.

In words, it can be written as eight hundred crores or eighty thousand lacs Indian rupees.

12 billion dollars in rupees

Enough of converting x billion value to Indian national rupee. Now, we will be converting the given billion-dollar value to Indian National Rupees.

For example, in this segment, we will be converting 12 billion dollars into Indian national Rupees and will be representing them in numbers, in words, and in rupees.

Over and over, we have told you in this article that we will be considering the value of $1 equal to 75 Indian national rupees.

Also, you must be knowing till now that the value of 1 billion is equal to 1000000000 Indian National Rupees.

Thus, first, let’s calculate the value of 12 billion in Indian rupees. 12 billion will be equal to 12 x 100000000 Indian rupees.  This sum will amount to 12000000000 Indian rupees.

Now, let’s calculate the value of 12 billion dollars from the 12 billion that we have calculated just above right now.

12 billion dollars = 75 × 12000000000 Indian rupees

12 billion dollars = Rs. 900000000000 = 9 lac crores INR.

In words, the value of 12 billion dollars is equal to nine lakh crores Indian rupees.

How many zeros in 10 billion?

By all means, we hope that you know now that 1 billion is equal to 100000000 Indian rupees.

Therefore, as you can see 1 billion consists of 9 zeroes.

The value of 10 billion is equal to 10 X 1 billion equal to 10 × 1000000000 = 10000000000 Indian National Rupees.

Evidently, 10 billion consists of 10 zeroes.

In rupees, it is equal to 1000 crores or 1 lac lacs Indian National Rupees.

In words, it is equal to thousand crores Indian rupees or one lac lacs Indian national rupees.

Anonymous Object in C++

Anonymous Object is a Object without any name.

In a C++ programming an object are created with names but It is still possible to create object without name such object are known as anonymous object.

When constructor and destructor are called, the data members are initialize and destroyed respectively.

Without object we can initialize and destroy the content of the class.

All these operations are carried out without object or we can also assume that operations are carried out using an anonymous object.

Example: Create a Simple C++ class and call it without reference variable.

  1. Create a simple class.
  2. Call a constructor from main()

Output

Note: In the above program, we have created class “A” which contains constructor and destructor.

In the main() function, no object is created.

The constructor are called directly.

Calling constructor directly means creating object but not accessing with any name. It is not possible to create more than one anonymous object at a time.                              

When constructor execution ends , destructor is executed to destroy the object.

Example: Showing student details Using Ananonyous object in C++

Steps for developing program

  1. Create a class name Student
  2. Declare private members of class
  3. Declare constructor to take arguments
  4. Assign local variable to Object variable
  5. Show student data in show()
  6. Define Destructor
  7. Call Constructor( without creating object) from main method.

Result:

Read More

  1. C++ program for student details
  2. Lowercase character to uppercase character
  3. Command Line Argument
  4. Local vs Global Object in C++
  5. Local and Nested Classes in C++
  6. Arithmetic operations using switch case
  7. Switch Case in C Programming
  8. Constructor in C++
  9. Know more about C++

Reference

C++ classes

C program to convert lowercase character to uppercase character

How to convert lowercase to uppercase in c programming?

Its very easy.

There are different ways to convert string from lower case to upper case and vice versa.

We will discuss following ways to convert lowercase to uppercase in c.

  1. Using Loop- for, while and do while loops
  2. Using Predefined function toupper()
  3. Creating own function

Lets see them one by one.

1 Using Loops to convert lowercase character to uppercase character

Characters in C programming is represented by ASCII numbers.

So each character have its own ASCII number.

for a it is 97 for b it is 98 similar for z it is 122

Also for A it is 65 for B it is 66 and for Z it is 90.

We can check each character in character array if its values is between 97 to 122 then we can substract 32 from that character to get its Capital letter.

Using loops we are going to explain c program to convert lowercase to uppercase without using library function

Steps for program is as below

  1. Declare a character array char str[50];
  2. Accept character array from user fgets(str,sizeof(str),stdin);
  3. Loop character array until you get ‘\0’ (represents last or character array) for(i=0;str[i]!='\0';i++)
  4. Inside loop check if a character is between a to z if(str[i]>='a' && str[i]<='z')
  5. If yes then subtract 32 from that character str[i] -=32;
  6. You will get Uppercase string. printf("Upper case string is :%s",str);

A. Using For Loop to convert lowercase character to uppercase character

For loop is used to get each character form start to end one by one

Output

In above program we checked str[i] with a and z.

Instead of characters it can also use a and z ASCII values as below

B. Using While Loop to convert lowercase character to uppercase character

C. Using Do While Loop to convert lowercase character to uppercase character

2. Using toupper() function to convert lowercase character to uppercase character

C program to convert lowercase to uppercase using string function

Using toupper() function can easily convert lowercase character to upper case.

To use toupper() you have to include ctype.h header file

Syntax of toUpper() is

int toupper(int c);

This function takes one int argument and convert in to Upper case character and return its integer value.

Steps to convert lowercase character to uppercase is as below

  1. Declare a character array char str[50];
  2. Accept character array from user fgets(str,sizeof(str),stdin);
  3. Loop character array until you get ‘\0’ (represents last or character array) for(i=0;str[i]!='\0';i++)
  4. Inside loop use toupper() method to convert lower case character to upper case str[i]=toupper(str[i]);
  5. You will get Uppercase string. printf("Upper case string is :%s",str);

3. Creating a function to convert lowercase character to uppercase character

A. Passing each character to convert it to uppercase

Here one one character of character string is converted to Upper case using Function toUpper().

B Passing entire String to Covert to upper case

Here entire character string is passed to a function and converted to upper case.

We have discussed simple methods of conversion lower case to upper case in c. You can apply any one of the above as per your need.

Read More

  1. C++ program for student details
  2. Anonymous Object in C++
  3. Command Line Argument
  4. Local vs Global Object in C++
  5. Local and Nested Classes in C++
  6. Arithmetic operations using switch case
  7. Switch Case in C Programming
  8. Constructor in C++
  9. Know more about C++

Applet Life Cycle in Java with Example

Applet in Java

Applet in Java is a special Java program that are primarily used in a internet programming.

Applet Life Cycle is very important to know in Java Applet Programming. 

As we have already seen how to run program from command prompt, but there were no GUI.

To provide Graphical user interface(GUI) Java Applet is used.

Applet program runs on a web browser at client side. Applet program are used to make the web site more dynamic.

1 Life Cycle of Applet Stages

When the applet program is loaded is passes through several stages:

Java Applet Life Cycle
Java Applet Life Cycle

A Applet Born State

Also known as initialization state.  

It is the first state of applet lifecycle.

Applet enters in a born/ initialization state when it is first loaded.  

Applet moves in a born state when init() method of Applet class executes.

Applet initialization occurs once in a  applet lifecycle.

Inside the init() method we initialize all the variables.

Syntax of init() method in Java Applet

B Applet Running State

  Applet enters in a running state from born state when a start() method of Applet class executes.  

Running sates call automatically when the initialization phase completes. 

Applet also comes in a running state from idle state when idle applet again get processor.

Running sates call automatically when the initialization phase completes. 

Applet also comes in a running state from idle state when idle applet again get processor.

Syntax of start()              

C Applet Idle State

A running appletenters in a idle sate from running state when execution of start complete.

In a another words when we leave the page of running applet then automatically it enters in a idle sate from running state.

Applet moves in idle state when  stop() method executes and it moves idle to running state when again start() calls.

Syntax of stop()               

D Applet Dead State

  An applet is moved to dead state when we quit the web browser.  When applet moves in a dead state it removed from memory. 

The Applet will be terminate when destroy () method calls. In a applet lifecycle, applet terminates/destroys ones.

Syntax of destroy()        

E Applet Display State

The Display state executes immediately after when applet enters in a running state.

In this state we display the information on the output screen using paint() method.

2 Applet Life Cycle Program in Java Example

Lets see one program to demonstrate the life cycle of applet.

Compile and Run

>javac AppletLifeCycle.java
>appletviewer AppletLifeCycle.java

Applet Life Cycle in Java Example
Fig: Java Applet Life Cycle Example

Output At Console

On running Applet It will print first 3 line from output.

On closing applet it will call stop and destroy method.

init() method can be used to initialize various values and objects that are going to use in program.

Similarly to release resource we can use destroy().

Example: Write a program to read file and show in java applet.

Output

Fig: Reading File in showing in an applet

Read More

  1. JComboBox in Java Swing
  2. JTable in Java Swing
  3. JTable Pagination in Java JDBC
  4. Registration Form in Java Swing
  5. Login form in Java Swing
  6. Simple Calculator in Java Applet

What is the value of 5 million dollars in Indian rupees?

How much are 5 million dollars in Indian rupees?

You can calculate easily you must know the value of 5 million and price of a dollar multiply it and get the answer.

We are calculation this as below

Note – initially, I want to bring this to the notice of all our readers that we have considered $1 equal to 75 Indian rupees with respect to this article.

The terms crores and lakhs are expressed as the following in the Indian number system –

One crore = 1,00,00,000

Ten lakhs = 1,000,000

One lakh = 1,00,000

In the Indian number system, 1 crore is equal to 10 million. It can be also said that one crore is equal to 100 lacs in reference to the Indian number system i.e. 1,00,00,000.

The terms that are used in the international number system are trillion, million, and billion.

Read More

How much is 1 million?
How much is 1 billion in rupees?

On the other hand, the terms used in the Indian number system are crores, lakhs, and thousands.

5 million means

5 million means 5,000 thousand in mathematics. 5 million is a natural number that is preceded by 5000001 and followed by 4999999.

If you do not have a fair idea of the terms used in the international number system, then do not worry as we are here to help you. This generally poses a problem as we do not use these terms in our daily life.

Continue reading to find out 5 million dollars in rupees, 5 million in rupees, 5 million in numbers, 5.5 million dollars in rupees, 5.5 million USD to INR, 5 million dollars in rupees in words, and how much is 5 million.

5 million dollars in rupees

I hope that all of my readers are aware that one trillion is equal to 1000 billion and 1 billion is equal to 1000 million.

You all should also know the following –

One Trillion or thousand billion is equal to 1,00,000 Crores

1000 Billion = 10000000 Lacs

1000 Million or 1 Billion = 10000 Lacs

100 Million = 1000 Lacs

10 Million = 100 Lacs

1 Million = 10 Lacs

Thus, 1,000,000 is ten lacs is one million.

1,000,000 × 5 = 5,000,000 i.e. five million.

75 × 5,000,000 = Five million dollars.

Five million dollars = 375000000 Indian rupees.

5 million in rupees

5 million in words and Indian Rupees are given below –

  • 1 million is equal to 10 lakhs and that is represented as 1000000.
  • 2 million is equal to 20 lakhs and that is represented as 2000000.
  • 3 million is equal to 30 lakhs and that is represented as 3000000.
  • 4 million is equal to 40 lakhs and that is represented as 4000000.
  • 5 million is equal to 50 lakhs and that is represented as 5000000.
  • 6 million is equal to 60 lakhs and that is represented as 6000000.
  • 7 million is equal to 70 lakhs and that is represented as 7000000.
  • 8 million is equal to 80 lakhs and that is represented as 8000000.
  • 9 million is equal to 90 lakhs and that is represented as 9000000.
  • 10 million is equal to 1 crore or 100 lakhsand that is represented as 10000000.
  • 50 million is equal to 5 crore or 500 lakhsand that is represented as 50000000.
  • 100 million is equal to 10 crore or 1000 lakhsand that is represented as 100000000.

1 million in Indian Rupees is equal to 10 lacs. Therefore, for calculating 5 million in Indian rupees we have to use the below-mentioned mathematical formula –

5 million  = 1 Million or 10 Lacs × 5 = 50 lacs Indian rupees

Therefore, 5 million in Indian rupees is equal to 50 lacs or fifty lacs Indian rupees in words.

5 million in numbers

Now, as you know 5 million is equal to 50 lakhs in the Indian number system, now it’s time to discuss 5 million (International number system) or 50 lacs (Indian number system) in numbers.

In numbers, five million can be written or represented as 50,000,00.

5.5 million dollars in rupees

The national currency of India is known as the Indian rupee. If we talked about the currency is at the international level then the United States dollar or the USD is a more popular currency as compared to the Indian rupee.

The dollar rates are never stable and change from time to time in our nation on the basis of the economy of the country.

We have provided you the formula for the calculation of 5.5 million dollars in the Indian rupee below –

5.5 million dollars in rupees = Indian Dollar rate X5.5 million

For example, let’s assume that one USD in our nation is placed at 75 Indian rupees. So, the calculation of 5.5 million dollars is given as below –

5500000 [5.5 Million] × 75 [Indian Dollar Rate] = 41250000 [5.5 Million Dollars in Rupees]

5.5 million dollars in rupees in words is equal to four crores twelve lakhs and Fifty Thousand Indian rupees.

5.5 million USD to INR

As calculated above,

5.5 million USD is 41250000 INR in numbers.

5.5 million USD is four crores twelve lakhs and Fifty Thousand INR in words.

Note – We have taken 75 Indian rupees into consideration as the Indian Dollar Rate for this calculation.

5 million dollars in rupees in words

We will convert 5 million dollars in rupees in numbers and 5 million dollars in rupees in words on the same lines as we have converted 5.5 million dollars in rupees in numbers and 5.5 million dollars in rupees in words before.

So, now I hope that all of you are aware that the value of 5 million dollars in Indian rupees will never be stable as it depends on the dollar rate that is constantly changing.

We would also like to remind you that we have taken the value of the dollar rate as 75 rupees relative to this article.

So, as mentioned above, the following is the formula for the calculation of five million dollars in Indian rupees –

5.5 million dollars in rupees = Indian Dollar rate X5.5 million

For example, let’s assume that one USD in our nation is placed at 75 Indian rupees. So, the calculation of 5 million dollars is given as below –

5000000 [5 Million] × 75 [Indian Dollar Rate] = 37500000 [5Million Dollars in Rupees]

5.5 million dollars in rupees in words is equal to three crores and seventy-five lakhs Indian rupees.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How much is 5 million?

5 million (International Number System) is equal to 50 lakhs (Indian Number System). It consists of 6 zeroes. If we go by definition, then 1 million is followed by 6 zeroes.
In numbers, 5 million can be written or represented as 5000000 Indian Rupees.

Full Form of CPU

A CPU is known as the central processing unit of a computer.

A computer consists of various parts,

Full Form of CPU

CPU, full name Central Processing Unit (CPU), the central computing unit, abbreviated as CPU. The easiest way to understand is, the calculator when you enter 1+1, he will help you calculate 2, the computer is also the process – It is difficult to continue to improve at a faster rate.

It is often seen that the i7 processor has four cores and eight threads.

The CPU not only does these, it can do a lot of things. CPUs are known for high speed automation of instructions in sequence that is dependable on ram, internal frequency and number of instructions. But a processor differs from a CPU in many ways – I know and understand that the term is interchangeable but technically they are very different.

Read More

  1. Computer full form
  2. Applications of Computer
  3. Computer Generations

A CPU seems like the central processing unit, as the name suggests. And it is. The heart of a computer system is the CPU.

But a processor is what does the processing in the CPU. The CPU is useless without the processor.

Working of CPU

CPU Architecture
Fig: CPU Architecture

A processor typically automates execution of jobs simply when a program is given to it. A program for example,

A

A=5

B

B=A+A

End

First, I take a container A. A is a container here which means you can keep a value in it. FYI, in programminglanguages it is known as an identifier, or a variable.

Then I keep 5 in it. I take another container B. Then I do a complex job, addition of A with A and save the value of (10) in B.

B=A+A actually occurs in a different way. The CPU puts  the first A in B. Then adds the second A to B. Or it occurs in this way.

B=A, then B+A, and then the result is stored in B only.

Then I end the program.

The complex task B=A+A is divided into smaller tasks that is processed by the processor itself too.

The entire task here, which is finding A+A is done and stored in B. You can see Result in B.

The processor gets help from the RAM, that contains cells on which the instructions are placed one after the other.

This is the CPU and the processor.

Functions of CPU

Functions of CPU
Fig: Functions of CPU

Main functions:
1. Add, subtract, multiply and divide numbers.
2. Numbers to add, subtract, multiply and divide will be done accordingly.

Secondary functions:
1. Anticipate and divide, multiply, subtract, and addnumbers before they are wanted.
2. Save (or cache) already calculated numbers.

All these numbers are written in the binary form ( 10010100101010010110 etc.)

The instruction is also a binary number. It has 32 digits (ignore the spaces). Think of the 32 digits as 32 bits.. There are other operations as well… but I won’t write a book here 🙂

We will assume that ‘0001’ at the left of our code or instruction is an ‘addition’ function. The following  12 digits will be our first quantity and the last 12 digits will be our second ‘quantity.

If we take a = b + c, then ‘b’ and ‘c’ are our operands.

So there we have it. We encode operations such as a = b + c in a binary number and give it to the CPU.

Components of CPU

The CPU consists of mainly 6 components –

  • Clock
  • Buses
  • Cache
  • registers
  • arithmetic logical unit (ALU)
  • control unit (CU)

All components work together to allow system control and processing control.

Image

Clock

The central Processing Unit consists of a clock that is used to co-ordinate all of the components of a computer. It sent out a regular pulse that keeps in time (or synchronises) all the components.

Clock speed is the frequency of these pulses. It is measured in hertz and Higher the frequency, the more number of instructions can be actively performed in any giventime.

Processors typically ran at a rate of between 3 MHz to 5 MHz, that is 3 million to 5 million cycles or pulses per second in the 1980s. Now-a-days processors typically run at a rate of 3 GHz to 5 GHz, that is 3 billion to 5 billion cycles of pulses per second.

Buses

A high-speed internal connection is known as a bus. These are used to send data and control signals between the components and the processor.

Three kinds of buses are used –

  • Control Bus

Control buses carry control signals from the processor two components of CPU. It also carries the pulses of the clock.

  • Data Bus

Data buses carry the actual data between the components of CPU and processor.

  • Address Bus

Address buses carry memory addresses from the processor to components like input devices, output devices and primary memory.

Cache

Cache is a small amount of high-speed RAM i.e. Random Access Memory that is built directly within the processor. Cache is used to temporary store instructions and data that the processor is likely to reutilise. This lets faster processing as the processor doesn’t have to wait forthe instructions and data to be fetched from the Random Access Memory (or RAM).

Registers

These are small amount of high-speed memory consisted within the Central Processing Unit (or CPU). Registers are used by the processor to hold small amounts of data which are required during processing like –

  • The results of calculations.
  • The current instruction that is being recorded.

Various different processes have several different registers for different purposes, but many have some, or all, of the following –

  • Accumulator (ACC)
  • Current instruction register (CIR)
  • Memory data register (MDR)
  • Memory address register (MAR)
  • Program counter

Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU)

The Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) primarily has two main functions –

  • The Arithmetic Logic Unit acts as a gateway between secondary storage and primary memory. The data is passed or transferred between them through the arithmetic logic unit (ALU).
  • It performs logical and arithmetic operations (decisions). The Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) is where decisions are made and calculations are done.

Control Unit (CU)

The control unit (CU) offers various functions –

  • The Control Unit (CU) moves data around the system.
  • It also issues control signals that can control hardware.
  • It executes, decodes and fetches instructions.

CPU Vs. GPU

CPU Vs. GPU
Fig: CPU Vs. GPU

Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)

The Graphics Processing Unit is used to offer the images in computer games.

It emphasis on high throughput and is faster as compared to the speed of the Central Processing Unit (CPU).

It is typically incorporated with the electronic equipment for sharing Random Access Memory (RAM) with electronic equipment which is good for the foremost computing jobs.

TheGraphics Processing Unit (GPU) consists of more arithmetic logic unit (ALU) as compared to the Central Processing Unit (CPU).

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

The central Processing Unit is called brain for every ingrained system.

TheCentral Processing Unit (CPU) consists of the Control Unit (CU) for performing instruction branching as well as sequencing and Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) accustomed quickly to perform the calculations and hold the information.

The Central Processing Unit (CPU) interacts with more components of the computer like output, input and memory for performing instruction.

The basic difference betweenGraphics Processing Unit (GPU) and Central Processing Unit (CPU) is that GPU emphasis on high-throughput whereas CPU emphasis on low latency.

Difference between GPU and CPU

  • GPU emphasis on high throughput whereas CPU emphasis on low latency. 
  • GPU is suitable for parallel instruction processing where as CPU is not suitable for it.
  • GPU is not suitable for serial instruction processing where as CPU is suitable for it.
  • GIP you contains more week cores as compared to CPU that only consists of minute powerful cores.
  • The speed of GPU is more than the speed of CPU.
  • GPU requires or consumes less memory as compared to the Central Processing Unit (CPU).
  • GPU stands for Graphics Processing Unit whereas CPU stands for Central Processing Unit.

Types of CPU

TheCentral Processing Unit (CPU) is an important element which manages all the commands and calculations that are transferred to other components of the computer and its related peripherals.

The quick speed of the Central Processing Unit obeys to command of the input program.

The components are powerful and dependent when connected or linked to the Central Processing Unit.

The top-leading manufacturers of the Central Processing Unit are Intel and AMD. The processors were employed to find the robust and right processor in the past.

The Intel 486 is faster as compared to the 386, but after introducing the Pentium processor, all the processors are named such as Athlon, Pentium, Celeron and Duron.

The several kinds of the processor are built in different architecture such as 32 bit and 64 bit with flexible capacity and maximum speed.

The major kinds of the central Processing Unit are classified as Deca core, Octa-core, Hexa-core, Quad-core, Dual-core and Single-core processor which is explained below.

1.     Deca-core processor

Deca Core processor is available with 10 independent systems which are deployed to manage and execute the job which is successful as compared to other processors which are developed until now.

If you own a device or a computer with the deca core processor, then it is the best option.

Many smartphones, nowadays, are now available with deca core processors at cheap cost and they never become outdated + deca core processors are trending with its newly advanced features.

Obviously, many gadgets in the marketplace today are updated with new processors for providing more useful purposes to people.

2.     Octa-core processors

Octa Core processor are developed with 8 different independent cores to execute an effective job that acts rapidly as compared to Quad Core processor and is efficient.

Octa Core processor consists of a dual set of quad-coreprocessors which divide various activities between the different types. 

Most times, the minimum powered cores are employed to do the advanced jobs.

The repaired four sets of cores will be kicked in, if there is any requirementor emergency. Precisely, the Octa-core adjust it accordingly to provide the effective performance and is perfectly defined with dual-code core.

3.     Hexa Core processors

It is another multiple core processor that can execute the job which works rapidly as compared to the dual core and Quad Core processor and is available with six cores.

Now, that Intel has launchedIntel core i7 with Hexa Core processor and the processes of hexa-core is simple for personal computer users.

Today mobile phones are also available with Hexa Core processors.

4.     Quad-core CPU

The quad core CPU is designed with 4 cores on a single CPU and is a refined model of multiple core CPU features.

It enables defective multitasking and divide the workload in between the cores. It does not signify any single job that is 4 times faster as compared to other operations.

Unless the programs and application executed on it by SMT code but not a stable and will fasten the speed.

These CPUs are used by people who require to execute different programs simultaneously such as gamers, that are optimised in multiple core CPU.

5.     Dual-core CPU

This single CPU functions like dual CPU acting like one and comprises of two strong cores.

Dual core CPU must switch back and forth within a variable array of data streams and it manages the multitasking effectively if one or more thread is executed.

The operating system and the running programs must have a unique code known as simultaneous multithreadingtechnology embedded in it to utilise the Dual-Core CPU effectively.

It is quicker as compared to a single core but not robust as compared to quad core CPU.

6.     Single-core CPU

It is the oldest type of CPU that is employed and available in most of the office and personal computers.

The single core CPU is not efficientin multi-tasking and can only execute one command.

If more than a single application is executed, it signifies that there is a significantdeclination in performance. If one job has started, then the second operation must wait until the first operation is finished.

The performance of the computer is drastically reduced when it is fed with multiple operations. The performance of the CPU is totally based on its clock speed by measuring its power.

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